The total burden of world debt, private and public, has risen from 160 per cent of national income in 2001 to almost 200 per cent after the crisis struck in 2009 and 215 per cent in 2013.
(source: 16th Geneva Report, International Centre for Monetary and Banking Studies)
Debt Levels (major economies):
PNFC = Public Non-Financial Corporation
Source: Bank of England
1990: 150% of world GDP
2006: almost 400% (mainly from derivatives, 4% in 1990 to 173% in 2006 [$600tr])
2011: 350% (derivatives 130%)
2008 Government Intervention:
QE1 (Nov 2008 to Nov 2009) – Fed purchases Treasuries worth $300bn, govt-sponsored mortgages worth $175bn & mortgage backed securities worth $1,250bn = $1,725bn
QE2 (Nov 2010 to June 2011) – Fed purchases $600bn worth of Treasuries
Operation Twist (Sept 2011 to Dec 2012) – Fed sells $667bn worth of short-term Treasuries for long-term ones
QE3 (Sept 2012 to ?) – ?
BofE QE – £200bn in January 2009 & £175bn in October 2011 of govt bonds